The Different Types Of Berber Carpet

tight woven berber carpeted floor

tight woven berber carpeted floorIn the global marketplace for carpets, some options remain ancient and popular. While genuine Oriental rugs remain rare and the province of the very wealthy, industrializing the process has allowed more and more people to own carpets that once would have been the exclusive territory of the rich.

Further, advances in materials technology have transformed these once fine carpets into cleaner, more colorful and more versatile home furnishings.

Though some of these rugs do use the ancient methods of carpet making, most people in the industrialized world use the more mass manufactured carpets made of stain resistant materials in less elaborate patterns as a mere matter of convenience of laying down and ease of cleaning, as well as being sold at a price most people can rather easily afford.

One such option for carpeting is Berber carpet. Berber carpets have a long and ancient history of the Berber ethnic group of North Africa.

While many people in the rural areas of Tunisia and Morocco and nearby areas that host Berber peoples still use the construction of handmade Berber carpets their primary source of income, these carpets are increasingly difficult to find in the industrialized world.

Though many people in North Africa and nearby regions have relatively uncomplicated access to genuine Berber carpets, though further afield have to make do with mass produced Berber carpets.

Berber style rugsBut there are some Berber carpets out in the world, whether hand made or constructed in a factory and each of those carpets has their ups and down for those willing to do the research into them.

Most of the differences in Berber carpets come from the variety of fabric textures, dyed colors and knotting patterns. Each of these factors can make a different type of carpet.

For instance, there are sand colored carpets with thick knots to create a coarse texture, elaborately patterned, multicolored carpets with small knots for a smoother texture and a seemingly unlimited variety of options in between these extremes.

Traditional Berber carpet made in historically Berber regions of North Africa and the Sahara is known as Mergoum which uses the ancient weaving methods that are exclusively wool based and watched closely by government inspectors to maintain the local cultural identity.

More modern industrial produced Berber carpets use a loop pile construction method to create an appearance quite similar to the distinctive knot style patterns of a traditional Berber rug.

The most frequently used forms of Berber carpet are nylon, olefin fiber, and wool. While nylon and olefin fibers are the least expensive, many people with the funds to do so acquire genuine wool carpeting. The downside of wool is that it is harder to clean and has a hard time incorporating modern methods of resisting staining.

Staining aside, it is a very durable carpet that is typically used in high traffic areas of buildings, such as offices and schools. It needs to be cleaned in a very specific way, but many cleaning companies are more than ready to use the right methods of cleaning Berber carpet.